2016年山西省對口升學英語模擬試卷一(含答案)

注意事項:

1.選擇題答案必須填涂在答題卡上,寫在試卷上的一律不計分。

2.答題前,考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號、座位號、考試科目填涂在答題卡上。

選擇題

一、語音

觀察所給單詞,從A、B、C、D畫線部分中找出畫線部分的讀音與其相同的選項。

1. ancient 

A. agent  B. answer  C. battle  D. celebrate 

2. choose 

A. childhood  B. football  C. loose  D. blood 

3. suggestion 

A. question B. education C. station D. vacation 

4. writer 

A. willing  B. actively  C. application  D. climb 

5. boss 

A. ago  B. colorful  C. college  D. custom 

6. dress 

A. bedroom  B. develop  C. English  D. excuse 

7. exhausted 

A. excuse  B. excellent  C. express  D. exam 

8. great 

A. break  B. health  C. lead  D. meal 

9. harvested

A. hoped B. listened C. loved D. minded 

10. nose 

A. course  B. passenger  C. physical  D. pleasure 

二、單項選擇題

從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出空白處的最佳選項。

11. To finish the task, we’ve tried three times, and after dinner we’ll try   time. 

A. the fourth  B. a fourth  C. fourth  D. four 

12. The children were hungry and the salad   quickly. 

A. was eating up  B. ate up  C. was eaten up  D. had eaten up 

13. Han Meimei is   Chinese girl. Lucy is   English girl. 

A. a; a  B. an; an  C. a; an  D. an; a 

14.   are   for cutting things. 

A. Knife, used  B. Knives, used  C. Knife, using  D. Knifes, used 

15. My watch is not the only thing   is missing. 

A. that  B. what  C. which  D. who 

16. We had hoped that he   longer. 

A. stays  B. have stayed  C. stayed  D. would stay 

17. —  I have your name, please? 

—Yes, Michael. M-I-C-H-A-E-L.

A. Must  B. Will  C. May  D. Need 

18. Tell him   the light. 

A. to don’t turn on  B. not to turn on  C. to not turn on  D. not turning on 

19. —Do you need more time to complete the task? 

—Yes. Another ten days   enough. 

A. is  B. was  C. are  D. were 

20. —I’m going to take part in China’s Got Talent next month. 

— ! I am sure you will win. 

A. Never mind  B. Good luck  C. What a pity  D. My pleasure 

21. —  does it take from our school to the farm by bus? 

—About one hour and half. 

A. How far  B. How long  C. How often  D. How soon 

22. It’s no good  . You’d better give it up. 

A. to smoke  B. smoking  C. smokes  D. smoke 

23. John thinks you are wrong,  ? 

A. doesn’t he  B. does he  C. are you  D. aren’t you 

24. If you want to rent a better room, you’ll have to pay   fifty dollars. 

A. another  B. other  C. the other  D. more 

25.—Would you like to join us in the game? 

— , but I have something important to do. 

A. I’d love to  B. I will  C. I won’t  D. I would 

26.  , she spends 150 yuan on books every month. 

A. On average  B. In average  C. On an average  D. At an average 

27. I think she is suitable   the job   by her teacher. 

A. for; chosen  B. to; choosing  C. to; chosen  D. for; choosing 

28.   he has worked in the school for several years is known to everyone. 

A. What  B. That  C. When  D. Where 

29. Under the big tree  . 

A. stands a stone table  B. a stone table standing 

C. does a stone table stands  D. a stone table stood 

30. I’ve heard that Zhuhai Chimelong Ocean Kingdom is one of   ocean parks in Asia. 

A. very large  B. the larger  C. much larger  D. the largest 

31. Jack had his car   three days ago. 

A. repair  B. repairing  C. repaired  D. to repaired 

32. More and more people   on the Internet. 

A. now used to communicate  B. now used to communicating 

C. are now used to communicating  D. are now used to communicate 

33. To tell the  , I can’t remember his name. 

A. fact  B. reality  C. truth  D. reason 

34. The stamps   me a lot of money, but I think it was well worth it. 

A. paid  B. spent  C. cost  D. took 

35.   blood if you can and many lives will be saved. 

A. Giving  B. Give  C. Given  D. To give 

三、完形填空

從每組A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出合適的答案。

These days, cars arc designed using computers. Let’s  36  how a new car is created. 

First, several  37  talk about the new car and some good ideas  38  they have. Then they sit down at their computers and  39  many sketches. The best two or three drawings are chosen and then more detailed drawings of  40  are developed on the computer. You can change the size, shape or colour of any part on the computer to see  41  the car would look and then you can choose the best design. 

 42  the inside and the outside of the car have to be designed. Part of the inside of the car is  43  so that the designers can sit in it. They can feel if there is enough  44  inside and if they can reach  45 . Then some cars are built—there are more than 15,000 parts of a car to  46 . 

When everything is known to be  47 , the cars are made in the factory. Again, computers  48  sure that all the parts are  49  as they are needed. The factory usually stays open all through the night  50  the car production never stops. 

36. A. look at  B. to look at  C. see  D. to see 

37. A. drivers  B. designers  C. workers  D. salesmen 

38. A. which  B. what  C. that  D. whatever 

39. A. draw  B. order  C. type  D. enjoy 

40. A. bicycles  B. trains  C. cars  D. buses 

41. A. how  B. which  C. what  D. that 

42. A. among  B. between  C. both  D. either 

43. A. covered  B. painted  C. locked  D. built 

44. A. situation  B. position  C. seats  D. room 

45. A. something  B. somebody  C. everything  D. everybody 

46. A. choose  B. test  C. show  D. repair 

47. A. safe  B. easy  C. cheap  D. fast 

48. A. are used to make  B. used to make 

C. are used to making  D. used to making 

49. A. rare  B. electronic  C. comfortable  D. ready 

50. A. so that  B. so…that  C. such…that   D. in case 

四、閱讀理解

A

An earthquake (地震) may happen at any time. It’s best for us to know what to do, where to be safe and who to contact during the earthquake. The following information will help you. 

Remember: Prepare your personal earthquake bag. Collect these items and keep them somewhere near you. Water, food, medicine, mobile phone, torch (手電筒), personal washing things, blanket, money. 

Remember: Drop, Hide, Hold and Contact. Drop to the floor and protect your head and neck with your arms. Hide yourself beside something like a table, a bed and so on. Hold the furniture so that you won’t move away during the earthquake. Contact family, friends to tell them where you are. 

Remember: Never do these things. Don’t stand close to the buildings or stand under the trees or signs because it’s better for you to stand in an open space. Don’t go too close to the power lines (電線) because you may be badly hurt by electricity. 

51. What does the underlined word “contact” mean in the passage? 

A.求救 B.聯絡 C. 接觸 D. 幫助

52. Where should we drop to protect our head and neck with our arms? 

A. on the table  B. behind the door 

C. on the floor  D. beside the furniture 

53. It is better for you to stand   during the earthquake. 

A. close to a building  B. beside power lines 

C. under a tree  D. in an open space 

54. According to the passage, how many main items should we remember during the earthquake? 

A. three  B. two  C. four  D. five 

55. Which is the best title of the passage? 

A. The Personal Earthquake Bag.  B. The Reasons of the Earthquake. 

C. Different Kinds of Earthquakes.  D. It’s Better to be Safe than Sorry. 

B

As we know, there are differences between western culture and Chinese culture. We can see differences when we pay attention to the way words are used. Let’s look at the words about animals and plants. Most expressions in Chinese about the dog, for example, “a homeless dog”, “a mad dog”, “a running dog” and “a dog catching a mouse”, have negative meanings. But in western countries, does are thought to be honest and good friends of humans. In English, people use the dog to describe positive actions. For example, “you are a lucky dog” means you are a lucky person. And “every dog has its day” means each person has good luck sometimes. To describe a person’s serious illness, they say “sick as a dog”. The word “dog-tired” means very tired. However, Chinese love cats very much. But in western culture, “cat” is often used to describe a woman who is cruel. 

The rose is regarded as asymbol of love in both China and some western countries. People think the rose means love, peace, courage and friendship. And the rose is the national flower of England, America and many other countries. 

The words about plants and animals are used in positive or negative ways in different cultures. We can learn about many differences in cultures by comparing how some words are used. 

56. “Every dog has its day.” Means “ ”. 

A. Everybody in the world is lucky. 

B. Each person lives his own way of life. 

C. If one works hard, he’s sure to succeed. 

D. Everybody has a time in life to be lucky. 

57. Western people usually use “cat” to refer to “ ”. 

A. a tired person  B. a brave man 

C. a homeless person  D. an unkind woman 

58. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? 

A. Words show differences in culture. 

B. Chinese people prefer dogs to cats. 

C. Western people think cats to be good friends. 

D. Rose is the national flower of all western countries. 

59. What’s the best title for the passage?   

A. Negative or Positive 

B. Different Countries Have Different Culture 

C. Rose Means the Same in Chinese and English 

D. What Dog and Cat Mean in English and Chinese 

60. People think roses means   in china. 

A. love  B. peace  C. courage  D. friendship 

C

It is easier to go downhill than to climb uphill, so it is easier to fall into bad habits than into good ones. 

Bad habits do not come suddenly. They come little by little while people do not notice their danger. Schoolboys first pick up little bad habits in schools and on the streets. Shen they cannot finish their lessons, they copy from their classmates. If they see bigger boys smoking, they also want to learn to smoke. When they get bigger, the habits become so strong that they can no longer get rid of them. From copying, they fall behind; then they learn to steal. Smoking is bad for their bodies. At last, they become worse and worse. 

How necessary it is that we get rid of the bad habits in the beginning!

61. According to the passage it is probable that  . 

A. it is difficult to fall into bad habits 

B. it is not easy to fall into good habits 

C. it is not easy to fall into bad habits 

D. it is not difficult to fall into good habits 

62. Which of these sentences is TRUE? 

A. Good habits come suddenly 

B. Bad habits come suddenly 

C. Bad habits come little by little 

D. Good habits come more easily 

63.   is one of bad habits. 

A. Copying from the classmates  B. Smoking 

C. Stealing  D. All of the above 

64. If you learn to smoke when you are young, after you grow up, you  . 

A. will have a good time  B. will learn to steal 

C. will fall behind  D. can not get rid of them 

65. The main idea of the passage would be  . 

A. that it is easier to fall into bad habits than into good habits 

B. that it is easier to go downhill than to climb uphill 

C. that bad habits do not come suddenly 

D. that it is necessary to get rid of the bad habits in the beginning 

D

A computer virus is a computer program that is created to make and spread copies of itself. The program may however also be designed to have other effects on the systems it infects, ranging from the annoying to the disastrous. 

Virus attacks are growing rapidly these days. Acording to Business Week, the 76,404 attacks reported in the first half of 2003 nearly match previous year’s total number. As new antivirus tools are more powerful than before, the virus writers are getting a lot smarter with newer and creative ways to attack network systems. Let’s first examine some common virus types: 

Basic Virus-a piece of software code that is developed to attack computers and network systems via email or Internet connections. It quickly replicates itself and gradually attaches to files, programs or the hard drive. 

Trojan Horses-This is a program that doesn’t replicate when entering a system but can be effectively used to open ‘back doors.’ Trojan Horses allow hackers to take control over a particular system or to steal very important data. 

Worm-this type of virus in able to spread itself automatically over the network from one computer to the next. During a worm attack, users’ computers get infected without even having to click open email attachment or any program, etc. 

Since it is very difficult to avoid the virus, your best defense is a powerful antivirus program. In order to fight with such viruses, the software vendors should focus on making their products more robust. This may ask for a trade-off between user-friendliness and security. In specific cases it may require line-by-line inspection, code retooling and even systems automation to defend the installed programs. 

66. A computer virus is a computer program that is created to make and spread   of itself. 

A. programs  B. virus  C. copies  D. files 

67. Worm spread itself except by  . 

A. network  B. E-mail  C. program  D. hardware 

68. Antivirus program can scan and   virus. 

A. clean  B. produce  C. replicate  D. make 

69. Trojan Horses  . 

A. quickly replicate itself and gradually attack to files, programs or the hard drive. 

B. infect the computer without even having to click open email attachment or any program. 

C. allow hackers to take control over a particular system or to steal very important data. 

D. avoid the virus to attack computer. 

70. According to Business Week, the   attacks reported in the first half of 2003 nearly match previous year’s total number. 

A. 86,404 B.76,404 C.56,354 D.34,876

非選擇題

五、短文改錯

此題要求改正所給短文中的錯誤,對每一行作出判斷。

如無錯誤,在該行右邊橫線上畫一個勾(√);如有錯誤(每行只有一個錯誤),則按下列情況改正;

該行多一個詞:把多余的詞用斜線(/)劃掉,在該行右邊橫線上寫出該詞,并也用斜線劃掉。

該行缺一個詞:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),在該行右邊橫線上寫出該加的詞。

該行錯一個詞:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,在該行右邊橫線上寫出改正后的詞。

注意:原句沒有錯的不要改。

I went to see the film after supper. On my way to the  71.

cinema, I met an old English woman, she lost her  72.

way. I gave up the chance see the film, walking towards  73.

her and took her to her hotel. While go there, I told her  74.

great change had been taken place in the past few years and she  75.

had told me something about Britain and her family.  76.  

Though I missed the film, but I felt very happy,  77.

for I not only helped the old lady out from trouble and also  78.

practiced my spoken English. If I hadn’t worked hard at  79.

English, I wouldn’t have been able to help him.  80.  

六、英語寫作

作文題目:Online Friends 

字數要求:80~100字

寫作要點:1.介紹人們對網上交友的不同觀點。

 2.談談你自己的看法。

 



英語全真模擬試卷(一)


一、語音 1—5 DCADC 6—10 ADADC

二、單項選擇題

11.B a+序數詞,表示“又一次,再一次”,“我又試了一次”,所以選B.

12.C 被動語態,be done,“沙拉很快吃光”,所以選C。

13.C Chinese前用a,English前用an,所以選C。

14.B knife的復數是knives,be used for被用來做,所以選B。

15.A 關于thing的定語從句,先行詞由only修飾,連接詞用that,所以選A。

16.D 虛擬語氣的用法,had hoped that +would +動原,表示過去沒有實現的愿望,所以選D。

17.C 表示請求,比較委婉,“我可以知道你的名字嗎?”,所以選C。

18.B tell sb not to do sth告訴某人不要做某事,不定式的否定,所以選B。

19.A 主謂一致的用法,時間、金錢、距離的時間詞,即使是復數做主語,謂語動詞仍然用單數,所以答案選A。

20.B 習慣用語的用法。

21.B how long對長時間提問,回答用for/ about +時間段,所以選B。

22.B 固定句型:It is no use/ good doing sth干…沒有用,所以選B。

23.A 主從句,反義疑問句反意部分由主句決定,所以答案選A。

24.A 不定代詞的用法,another+數字+名詞的復數,“別的、其他的”,所以答案選A。

25.A 習慣用語的用法,答案選A。

26.A 固定短語:on average平均,所以答案選A。

27.A 固定短語:be suitable for適合,第二個空是分詞作定語,“被老師選擇的工作”,表示被動,用過去分詞,所以答案選A。

28.B 主語從句的用法,從句不缺成分,“他已經在學校工作好幾年了是眾所周知的事情”,所以答案選B。

29.A 表示地點的介詞短語放在句首,句子用完全倒裝,所以答案選A。

30.D 固定用法:one of + the +形容詞最高級+名詞的復數,…中最…的一個,所以答案選D。

31.C have sth done讓…被做,所以答案選C。

32.C 固定短語:be used to doing習慣于;used to do 過去常常;be used to do 被用來做,“現在越來越多的人習慣于網上交流”,所以選C。

33.C 固定短語:tell the truth 說實話,所以選C。

34.C 同義詞辨析:sb spend…doing sth; it took… to do; cost是物作主語,所以答案選C。

35.B 祈使句的用法:動詞+賓語,因為有連接詞and,所以這是兩個并列句,所以答案選B。

三、完形填空

文章翻譯:現在,汽車的設計用電腦。讓我們看看一輛汽車是如何被創造的。首先,幾十設計者談論新的汽車和一些他們的好想法。然后,他們就坐在電腦前畫許多框架圖。最好的兩三個會被選出來。然后他們在電腦上畫出更多的汽車設計圖。在電腦上你可以改變汽車任何一部分的顏色、形狀和尺寸。你能從電腦上看見汽車是什么樣子,然后選擇最好的設計。汽車的內部和外部都需要設計。建造汽車的內部是為了設計者能夠坐進去。他們能感受到是否有足夠的空間,檢查他們是否能夠得著每樣東西。然后,一些汽車就產生了。一輛汽車大約有15000個零件需要檢測。當每個部分都是安全了的時候,汽車就會放到工廠里生產。電腦再一次被用來去確保所有的部分都按照他們需要的準備好了。工廠通常會日夜加班以便于生產不停止。

36.A let sb do sth, look at 表示看的動作,see表示看的結果,選A。

37.B 根據上文內容,“幾個設計者”,所以選B。

38.C 當先行詞由any, some, every, each, no修飾的時候,連接代詞用that,所以選C。

39.A draw畫,order訂購,type打印,enjoy享受,根據上下文“然后畫許多框架圖”,所以選A。

40.C 根據上文是關于汽車的生產和設計,所以選C。

41.C 賓語從句,the car would look缺少賓語,缺少事物用what,所以選C。

42.C both…and兩者都,所以選C。

43.D 根據句子含義“建造汽車的內部結構”,所以答案選D。

44.D 根據句子含義“有足夠的空間”,situation場合,position地位,seats座位,room空間,所以答案選D。

45.C 不定代詞的用法,根據句子含義“能接觸到每樣東西”,所以選C。

46.B 根據句子含義“有15000個零件需要被檢測”,所以選B。

47.A 根據句子含義“知道每個零件是安全的”,所以選A。

48.A be used to do 被用來做,used to do 過去常常,be used to doing 習慣于,根據句子含義“電腦被用來確?!彼赃xA。

49.D be ready準備,“按需要準備”,所以選D。

50.A so that引導目的狀語從句“以便于”,所以答案選A。

四、閱讀理解:

(A)答案:BCDAD

翻譯:地震在任何時候都可能發生,對我們而言最好知道做什么,哪兒是安全的,在地震中怎樣保持和外界的聯系,下面這些信息對你是很有幫助的。記?。簻蕚浜脗€人的地震包。收集下列這些東西,放在離你很近的地方。水、食物、藥品、手機、手電簡、個人洗漱用品、毛毯、錢。記住這幾點:躺下、躲藏、扶住、保持聯系。躺在地板上,以便用你的胳膊保護你的頭和頸部。躲藏在一些物體后面,比如說桌子、床等等。抓住家具以使自己在地震期間不移動。和家人、朋友保持聯系,告訴他們你在哪兒。記住不要做這些事情。不要站在高大的建筑物附近,不要站在大樹底下。站在空曠的地方最好。不要靠近電線,因為你可能會觸電。

分析:

51.B 根據第三段中“Contact family, friends to tell them where you are.”推斷出答案B.

52.C 根據文章第三段中“Drop to the floor and protect your head and neck with your arms.”得到答案c.

53.D 根據文章第四段中“Don’t stand close to the buildings or stand under the trees or signs because it’s better for you to stand in an open space.”得到答案D。

54.A 根據文章分別為:1.Prepare your personal earthquake dag.;2.Drop, Hide, Hold and Contact.;3.Never do these things.,所以得到答案A。

55.D 全文都是講地震中如何保護自己,所以答案選D。

(B)答案DDABA

翻譯:正如我們大家所知道的,中西方文化有一定的差異,當我們注意一些使用的詞匯的時候,我們就會發現。我們來看看一些有關動物和植物的詞匯吧。大多數的漢語俗語都使用狗,比如“流浪狗”“喪家犬”“瘋狗”“走狗”“狗拿耗子”等都是貶義的。但在西方國家,狗被認為是忠誠的,是人類的好朋友。在英語中,人們通常用狗來描述一些積極的活動。比如說“you are a lucky dog”意思是“你是一個幸運兒”,“every dog has its day”意思是“每個人都有自己走運的時候”,為了描述一個人的病情,就說“sick as dog”,“dog -tired”表示“很累”。然而,中國人喜歡貓,但西方國家通常用貓描述一個殘忍的女人。玫瑰在中國和西方許多國家都是“愛”的象征。人們把玫瑰看作為愛、和平、勇氣和友誼。玫瑰是英格蘭、美國、和其他一些國家的國花。不同的文化用不同的植物和動物表示褒義和貶義,我們要通過辨析詞匯使用的區別來了解東西方文化的差異。

分析:

56.D 根據隨后一句話“each person has good luck sometimes.”得到答案D。

57.D 根據文章第一段中“But in western culture, “cat” is often used to describe a woman who is cruel”得到答案D。

58.A 用排除法,再根據文章最后一段中“We can learn about many differences in cultures by comparing how some words are used.”得到答案A。

59.B 根據文章第一段中“As we know, there are differences between western culture and Chinese culture.”得到答案B。

60.A 根據文章第二段中“The rose is regarded as a symbol of love in both China and some western countries.”推斷出答案A。

(C)答案:BCDDD

翻譯:下山容易上山難,因此壞習慣比好習慣更容易養成。壞習慣不會突然間滋生,它在人們還沒有注意到其危險性的時候就一點一點地養成了。男孩們養成壞習慣通常是在學?;蛘叽蠼稚?。他們完不成作業的時候,就開始抄寫別人的作業。如果他們看見大男孩抽煙,他們就想學習抽煙。當他們一天天長大的時候,這些壞習慣會變得如此強大以至于他們無法戒除。因為抄作業,他們落后了,然后他們開始盜竊,抽煙損壞了他們的健康,他們變得越來越糟糕。一開始就戒除那些壞習慣是多么的必要!

分析:

61.B 根據文章第一段中“so it is easier to fall into bad habits than into good ones.”得到答案B。

62.C 根據文章第二段中“They come little by little while people do not notice their danger.”得到答案C。

63.B 根據常識判斷,得到答案D。

64.D 根據文章第二段中“When they get bigger, the habits become so strong that they can no longer get rid of them.”得到答案D。

65.D 根據文章最后一句話“How necessary it is that we get rid of the bad habits in the beginning!”得到答案D。

(D)答案:CAACB

翻譯:電腦病毒是一種計算機程序,是制造出來復制它自己的。這種程序會感染其他程序系統,從而帶來災難性的后果。近段日子,病毒攻擊頻繁。截止2003年初,在商業系統已有76404個文件遭到攻擊的報告。隨著病毒防御系統地不斷升級,病毒編制者也采取了新的更具有創造性的方式攻擊網絡系統。我們先談談一般的病毒類型。Basic病毒-是一組軟件密碼,用來攻擊電腦和網絡系統,往來郵件和網絡連接。它會快速復制自己,然后逐漸攻擊文件導致系統癱瘓。Trojan木馬-它是一種程序,當它進入系統的時候不能自我復制,但可以有效地打開其他文件。Trojan木馬允許黑客攻擊和控制一些特殊系統從而偷竊一些重要文件。蠕蟲-這種病毒能夠自動擴散,通過網絡快速地從一個電腦傳染到另一個電腦。在蠕蟲攻擊期間,電腦用戶會被嚴重感染,甚至沒有點擊,文件鏈接和其他系統都會打開。既然要避免這些病毒是非常困難的,最好的防御就是安裝病毒防御系統。為了和那些病毒斗爭,軟件銷售商應該把重點放在增強產品的抵抗力。這就要求軟件的安全。具體而言就是要求聯網檢查,密碼重組甚至系統自動更新來防御安裝好的系統。

分析:

51.C 從文章第一段“A computer virus (病毒) is a computer program that is created to make and spread copies of itself.”得到答案。

52.A 通過對第五段的理解得到答案。

53.A 通過對最后一段的理解得到答案。

54.C 從第四段最后一句“Trojan Horses allow hacker (黑客) to take control over a particular system or to steal very important data.”得到答案。

55.B 從文章第二段“According to Business Week, the 76,404 attacks reported in the first half of 2003 nearly match previous (先) year’s total number.”得到答案。

五、改錯

71. film前的the 改為a

72. lost前加had

73. see前加to 

74. go 改為going 

75.去掉been

76.去掉had 

77.去掉but 

78. and-but 

79.正確

80. him改為her