2020年山西對口升學英語模擬考試(二)及答案解析

第一部分共答題(所有考生作答,共70分)

 

一、語音(本大題共10小題,每小題1分,共計10分)

從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出畫線部分發音不同的一項。

1.A.honest           B.note            C.sob            D.pocket

2.A.near               B.hear           C.early          D.dear

3.A.suppose        B.suddenly     C.result         D.up

4.A.promise         B.silence        C.selfish       D.addict

5.A.lie                  B.quietly         C.die             D.pie

6.A.truth               B.health         C.thin            D. weather

7.A.color              B.force           C. emperor   D.doctor

8.A.chat              B.famous        C. graduate  D.cash

9.A.dragon          B.guide           C.heritage     D.magnificent

10.A.bay             B.say              C. Monday     D.day


二、單項選擇題(本大題共25小題,每小題1分,共計25分)

從A、B、C、D 四個選項中,選出空白處的最佳選項。

11. The ”Chinese Dream” is                dream to improve people's well-being and      

dream of harmony, peace and development.

A.a; the       B.the; the       C.the; a        D.a; a

12.一Which of the shirts do you like better?

一I’ll take                . They are expensive and out of fashion.

A.neither     B.either         C. none        D.both

13. 一You                  getting a ticket.

一Yes, but I didn't notice the road sign when I was turning the corner.

A. should have avoided          B. must have avoided

C. could have avoided            D.might avoid

14. The increase of the number of the students makes the limited computers not                        

to each student.

A.available          B.affordable       C.helpful        D. acceptable

15.You                    play with fire, Tom. It's dangerous.

A.needn't           B.may not        C.mustn't       D. wouldn't

16. 一Gina, you look thinner. What's the secret?

一                    ,I exercise more than before.

A.First of all      B.As a result       C.In that case       D.By the way

17.If we                     computers too much, I'm afraid that we night forget how to write Chinese

characters one day.

A.care about     B.deal with        C.depend on        D.care for

18.一I think John set a good example in our school,

一That's true. Whoever is     ,  he always tries his best to give a hand.

A.in trouble      B.in public        C.in person          D.in advance

19.一Why are you leaving your job?

一I can't stand it any longer.I                   always        to work overtime.

A.am; asking                       B.am; asked

C.was; asking                     D.was; asked

20.Don't leave the water                      while you brush your teeth.

A.run          B.running       C.being run         D.to run

21.The boy had a handsome face                     the scar on his forehead.

A.except       B.except for     C.except that        D. besides

22.一What do you want to do next? We have half an hour until the basketball game.

一          . Whatever you want to do is fine with me.

A.It just depends           B.It's up to you             C.All right             D.Glad to hear that

23.一Lucy,I hear the new TV tower is. fantastic. Could you tell me                         .

一 Sure! Take No.8 bus.It's not far.

A.how far it is                        B.where is it

C.how I can get there           D. which bus should I take

24. Michelle found a job as a highschool teacher which                       spending quite a lot of time

with students.

A.enjoys     B. involves     C. practices        D. suggests

25. The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those                        lives were

affected.

A.whose      B.that       C. who        D. which

26. 一Do you think George has passed the driving test?

一No.If so, he                  his car to our college yesterday.

A.would drive                     B.drove

C. would have driven         D.had driven

27.Not until he went through real hardship                   the love we have for our families is

important.

A.had he realized                 B.did he realize

C.he realized                        D.he had realized

28.When walking down the street, I came across David, who I                     for years.

A.didn't see      B.haven't seen      C.hadn't seen    D.wouldn't see

29 .                   the average of the population increases, there are more and more old people to

care for.

A. Unless        B.Until             C.As            D. While

30.It's quite hot today.Do you feel like                      for a swim?

A.to go       B.going       C.go      D.having gone

31.The Scottish girl                blue eyes won the first prize in the Fifth Chinese Speech Con-

test.

A.by          B.of         C.in        D.with

32. When he was running after his brother, the boy lost his                    and had a bad fall.

A. Balance        B.chance         C.memory         D.place

33.Susan made                     clear to me that she wished to make a new life for herself.

A.that           B.this             C.it              D.her

34. Eye doctors suggest that a child's first eye exam                     at the age of six months old.

A.was           B.is               C. were          D.be

35.I felt very tired when I got home, and I                     straight to bed.

A.go            B. went            C.have gone      D.had gone


三、完形填空(本大題共15小題,每小題1分,共計15分)

從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出空白處的最佳選項。

Last autumn, my 80-year-old grandmother was having problems with her heart. My family sent

Her to the  36  .

After a careful examination, a famous doctor told my grandmother,”You have such a  37  

heart condition that you should have an operation.”

“But the complications (并發癥) can happen.” the doctor  38   my grandmother and looked

at her worried face.

The doctor went on to say that she would have a 40 percent possibility of having a heart trouble

39  the operation, a 35 percent possibility of being unable to stand up, and even 20 percent of       

40  on the operating table because of her old age.

My grandmother was terribly surprised and quickly said, “Doctor, since you're talking about these

 41   , I have one for you: there is a 100 percent possibility that you won't operate on me!"42  these words, my grandmother got up  43    the doctor’s office.

The next day, my grandmother went to  44  doctor's office.There she was also told she needed

an  45  .The doctor also said that her  46  might cause some problems,   47   he was quite

sure about the success of operation.

My grandmother might be brave, but she is not silly,. She then asked the doctor, “If I am your  

mother, what will you  48  ?”

The doctor walked up to her, smiled, put his arms  49  her, and said, “Mom, let's have the

operation !”

My grandmother had the operation and came out  50  ! Her positive attitude added many

wonderful and happy years for her.


36. A. park            B.hospital          C. restaurant      D.hotel

37.A. wonderful    B.difficult           C. proper            D. serious

38. A.advised       B. warned          C.promised        D. encouraged

39. A.before          B.till                   C.during             D. against

40.A.fighting         B. hurting           C. returning        D.dying

41.A. actions        B.changes          C. conditions     D. possibilities

42. A. With           B.At                    C.For                 D.By

43.A.left               B. researched    C. passed          D. visited

44. A.other           B. another          C.the other        D.one

45. A.operation    B.experience      C.offer                D.examination

46.A.weight          B.height              C.age                D.length

47.A. when           B.if                     C.because         D.but

48. A.imagine       B.recommend    C.mind               D.need

49.A.above          B.over                 C. around          D.below

50.A.disabled       B.sad                  C.dead              D.fine

四、閱讀理解(本大題共10小題,每小題2分,共計20分)

從A.B C.D四個選項中,選出符合題目要求的最佳選項。

 

A

Mr. White works in an office. One day, when he had lunch, a friend came to visit him. They

were very happy and talked a lot. Then they looked at the clock on the wall. It was time to go to

office. He had to say goodbye to his friend and left.It was raining hard and the streets were wet. He

drove too fast to see the red lights.And he couldn't stop his car and hit a car in front of his. An old

man got off and called out angrily, “What are you doing? Do you want to hit me to death?"

“I’m sorry, sir," said Mr. White."I didn't find the light turned red." Then he brought out a bottle of

wine and gave it to the old man. “It's very cold today, sir," said Mr. White." Please drink a little, and

then you'll be warmer."

The old man drank some wine and became happy.”I'm feeling much better now. Why don't you

drink any?" he asked.

“I can't drink anything now, sir," answered Mr. White. “I'm waiting for the policeman to come.

Only drunkers cause accidents , you know !”


51.The story happened       (         )

A.in the afternoon        B.in the morning

C.in the evening          D.at night

52.Mr. White drove too fast because         (             ) .

A.he was good at drinking.      B.he was happy that day

C.he was afraid to be late       D.there were few cars in the street

53.Mr. White hit the car because       .(                )

A.he couldn't stop his car in time

B.he didn't see it !

C.it was raining hard

D.he couldn't drive at all

54.Mr. White gave a bottle of wine to the old man       .(               )

A.to make him happy

B.to make him warm

C.to leave there before the policeman rived

D.to put the blame onto him

55.At last        .(             )

A.the old man felt much better

B.the old man was friendly to Mr. White

C.Mr. White drank some, too

D.Mr. White fooled the old man

B

 

Bamboo is one of nature's most surprising plants.Many people call this plant a tee, but it is a

kind of grass.

Like other kinds of grass, a bamboo plant may be cut very low to the ground, but it will grow

back very quickly. A Japanese scientist reported one bamboo plant which grew 1.5 meters in 24

hours! Bamboo grows almost everywhere in the world except Europe.There are more than 1, 000

kinds of bamboo.

Not all bamboo looks the same. Some bamboo plants are very thin.They may only grow to be a

few centimeters wide while others may grow to more than 30 centimeters across. This plant also comes

in different colors, from yellow to black to green.

Bamboo has been used to make many things such as hats and kitchen tools. Because it is strong,

bamboo is also used to build buildings.

Many Asian countries have used bamboo for hundreds of years.They often use bamboo for build-

ings and supporting new buildings and bridges while they are being built.

In Africa, poor farmers are taught how to find water using bamboo. These African countries need

cheap way to find water because they have no money, and their fields often die from no rain and no

water. Bamboo pipes help poor farmers bring water to their thirsty fields without spending a lot of

money.

56.How is bamboo like grass?   (           )

A.It's wood.     B.It grows quickly.     C.it is easy to cut.      D.It is very thin.

57.Though you can see bamboo everywhere, it doesn't grow       (               ).

A.in Europe     B.in China           C.on mountains        D.in Africa

58. Why is bamboo used by African poor farmers? Because        .(                )

A.it is strong                     B.it has different colors

C.it is cheap                      D.it has been used by Asians

59. Bamboo pipes can        .                                                       (                  )

A.make money     B.be trees      C.carry water       D.grow quickly

60.In Asia, bamboo has been used for         .(                     )

A.a short time                    B.many thousands of years

C.about 100 years                 D.many hundreds of years


第二部分(文科類職業模塊考生作答,共 15分)

 

五、單項選擇題(本大題共5小題,每小題1分,共計5分)

從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出空白處的最佳選項。

61.-I got that job I wanted at the public library.

-      ! That's good news.

A.Go ahead    B. Cheers    C.Congratulations   D.Come on

62.- Why not stay here a little longer?

-       , but I really have to go.

A. Never mind             B.I'd love to

C.Pleased to meet you       D.I can't find any reason

63.-I am going to Spain for a holiday soon.

   -      .

A.It's my pleasure  B.Never mind  C.Leave it alone  D.Good for you

64.--Hey, can I ask you a favor?

-Sure,         

A.what can I do for you?

B.just as I thought.

C.how is it going?

D.here you are.

65.- Would you mind answering some questions on shopping habits?

   -         .

A.Yes, with great pleasure     B.No, I am afraid I can't make it

C.Yes, it is worth the time     D.No, as long as it doesn't take long

 

六、閱讀理解(本大題共5小題,每小題2分,共計10分)

從A、BC,D四個選項中,選出符合題目要求的最佳選項。

During the summer holiday,some students might have been busy with traveling,summer camps

and all kinds of courses. But a special group of Chinese middle school students decided to taste the

hardship of life outside school.

Twelve students in a big city sold vegetables at a local market together. Within 12 days, theymade more than 1 ,500 yuan.

Among them , the oldest is 21 years old, while the youngest is just 10. They are all cousins in a

big family and eight of them are from rural areas.

“Compared to traveling, such social practice connects us and makes us learn how tough our

parents are," said Dalin,18,to the City Morning Post. Dalin, a senior high graduate, and her 12-

year-old brother Xiaolin came up with the idea.

They learned to work hard to sell their vegetables. Every morning they had to wake up at 3

o'clock.Some of them went to the farmer's market to buy vegetables. Some of them went to the

Local market to take up a temporary stall (臨時攤位).To lower the cost , they learned to bargain

with the sellers.

At about 6:30 am, they began to sell vegetables. They peddled ( 吆喝) loudly to attract cus-

tomers. after several days, they got some experience, too.

For example, it was better to put vegetables in order and bigger ones on top. When the veg-

etables are too heavy, they should give customers an extra plastic bag.

When they finally packed up and went home, they had a small meeting. Everyone took notes

and shared their feelings.

“We are tired," said Dalin. but we gained a lot."


66.In the writer's opinion, the 12 students’ action was       . (              )

A.popular    B.encouraging   C.strange      D.embarrassing

67.The cousins decided to sell vegetables at a market to       .(               )

A.show how able they were

B.have less hardship of life

C.learn how hard their parents work

D.prepare for their future traveling

68.They bargained with the sellers to        .(                )

A.cut down the cost            B.share their feelings

C.get bigger vegetables         D.attract more customers

69.It's clear that         .(               )

A.they took up the temporary stall in turn  

B they gave each customer an extra plastic bag

C.Dalin and Xiaolin got the idea of selling vegetables

D.the elder sold vegetables when the younger took notes

70.The best title of the story should be      .(             )

A.Summer Courses                  B. Family Business

C.Students Learn from Bargains        D.Cousins Work with vegetables

 

第三部分( 工科類職業模塊考生作答,共15分)

 

七、單項選擇題(本大題共5小題,每小題1分,共計5分)

從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出空白處的最佳選項。

71. Which of the following is not a unit of weight?

A.ton       B.milligram       C. gram         D.centimeter

72. Fifteen degrees centigrade below zero can be written       .

A.15℃       B.15℉            C.-159℃         D.-15℉

73.The protective mask for electrician is made of        .

A.rubber    B. plastic        C.metal          D.cotton

4.- What do you think of the environment of your factory?

-Wonderful.       of the land      covered with trees and grass.

A.Two-fifths; is  B.Two-fifth; is   C.Two-fifths; are   D.Two-fifth; are

75.The cube root of twenty-seven times five makes         .

A.one hundred and thirty-five     B. thirty-two

C.twenty-two                              D.fifteen

八、閱讀理解(本大題共5小題,每小題2分,共計10分)

從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出符合題目要求的最佳選項。

One day, a teacher was giving a speech to his students.He held up a glass of water and asked

the class," How heavy do you think this glass of water is?"

The students answers ranged from 20 g to 500 g. "It does not matter on the weight itself.It de-

pends on how long you hold it.If I hold it for a minute, it is OK.If I hold it for an hour, I will have

an ache in my right arm. If I hold it for a day, you will have to call an ambulance. It is exactly the

same weight, but the longer I hold it, the heavier it becomes."

“If we carry our burdens all the time, sooner or later, we will not be able to carry on, the bur-

den becoming increasingly heavier."

“What you have to do is to put the glass down, rest for a while before holding it up again.”

We have to put down the burden sometimes, so that we can be refreshed and are able to

carry on.

So before you return home from work tonight, put the burden of work down.Don't carry it back

home. You can pick it up tomorrow.

Whatever burdens you are having now on your shoulders,let it down for a moment if you can.


76.The teacher brought a glass of water to the class because       .(        )

A.he was very thirsty

B.his arms were strong

C.it was a good example

D.he wants to share the water with student

77.The underlined phrase”A glass of water”in this passage referred to       .(            )

A.knowledge

B.the burden

C.the time

D.the money

78.According to the teacher, you may feel     if you put down the burden sometimes.  (        )

A.more relaxed

B.much heavier

C.more stressed

D.much happier

79.This was a lesson about      .(            )

A.how to solve a physics problem

B.how to relax oneself in life

C.how to keep fit by drinking water

D.how to study well

80.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?  (             )

A.You could become heavier and heavier if you held a glass of water in your hand.

B.All the students in the class knew what the weight of the glass of water exactly was.

C.The teacher had a good way of making his lesson clear and easy to be understood,

D.AII the students can understand the teacher's lesson.

 

非選擇題

注意事項:

1.用藍、黑色字跡的鋼筆或簽字筆將答案直接寫在試卷上。

2.答卷前先填寫密封線內的項目和座位號。

題號

  總分

  總分人

得分

    

 

 

 

得分

   

評卷人

  九、書面表達(15分)

 

假設你是新華職業中學的學生李華,上周日不慎把書包遺失在操場上,里面有書本、學生證錢包等物品,你校外教Mr. Smith撿到后上交給學校。請你用英語給他寫一封感謝信。 要求

60詞左右。

Dear Mr. Smith,






                              


答  案

第一部分共答題

1. B. [解析]本題考查元音字母o的發音,A、C、D選項發[?],B選項發[??],故選B。

2. C. [解析]本題考查字母組合ear的發音,A、B、D選項發[??],C選項發[?:],故選C。

3. A. [解析]本題考查輔音字母u的發音,B、C、D選項發[?],  A選項發[?],故選A。

4. B. [解析]本題考查元音字母i的發音,A、C、D選項發[i],  B選項發[ai], 故選B。

5. B. [解析]本題考查字母組合ie的發音,A、C、D選項發[ai],B選項發[ai?],故選B。

6. D. [解析]本題考查字母組合th的發音,A、B、C選項發[θ],D選項發[e],故選D。

7. B. [解析]本題考查字母組合or的發音,A、C、D選項發[?], B選項發[?:],故選B。

8. B. [解析]本題考查元音字母a的發音,A、C、D選項發[?],B選項發[ei],故選B。

9. C. [解析]本題考查輔音字母g的發音,A、B、D選項發[g], C選項發[d?], 故選C

10. C. [解析]本題考查字母組合ay的發音,A、B、D選項發[ei],C選項發[i],故選C.

11. D. [解析]本題考查冠詞的用法。句意:“中國夢”是一個增強人們幸福感的夢,是一個和諧、和

平發展的夢。to improve people's well-being和of介詞短語是dream的后置定語,此時dream為具體化的抽象

名詞,前面加不定冠詞,又因為dream是輔音音素開頭的單詞,填空處都填a,故選D。

12.A. [解析]本題考查不定代詞。句意:------你更喜歡哪件襯衣? -------我兩件都不喜歡。它們又貴又不時尚。

neither 意為“兩者都不”,本身表示否定; either 意為“(兩者之中)任何個”; none意為“沒有一個,

無人(指三者或三者以上)”; both 意為“兩者都”。根據句意可知選A。

13. C.[解析]本題考查情態動詞的現在完成時。句意: ---你      得到一張罰單。-----是的,但是當我到達轉角處,我沒有注意到路標。should have done意為“本應該做某事,實際卻沒有做”; must have done意為“一定做了”; could have done意為“本能夠做某事,實際確沒有”; might do意為“可能做某事”。因此句意為你本能夠避免得到罰單,故選C。

14. A. [解析]本題考查形容詞辨析。句意:學生人數的不斷增加使有限的電腦不夠每個學生使用。available意為“可利用的" ; affordable意為 “負擔得起的”; helpful 意為“ 有幫助的”,acceptable 意為“可接受的”。根據句意選A。

15. C. [解析]本題考查情態動詞的否定。needn't 意為“不需要”; may not意為“可能不”; mustn't意為“禁止”; wouldn't意為“不會,不愿”。句意:湯姆,禁止玩火。它是危險的。根據句意應選C。

16. A.[解析]本題考查短語辨析。一Gina,你看上去比之前瘦。有什么秘訣嗎? 一      ,我比之前做了更多的鍛煉。first of all意為“首先”; as a result意為“結果是”,in that case意為“即使那樣,在那時候”; by the way意為“順便說”。根據句意選A。

17, C. [解析]本題考查短語辨析。care about意為“擔心,關心”; deal with意為“處理”; depend on意為“依賴,依靠”; care for 意為“照顧”。句意:如果我們太過依賴計算機,我擔心有一天我們會忘記如何寫漢字。根據句意選C。

   18.A.[解析]本題考查介詞短語。一我認為約翰在我們學校樹立了好榜樣。一確實是。不管誰遇到麻煩,他總是盡他最大的努力去幫助。in rouble意為“在危險、痛苦、憂慮的環境中”; in public意為“當眾,公開地”; in person意為 “親自”: in advance意為“ 提前,預先”。根據句意選A。

19. B. [解析]本題考查時態和被動語態。句意:一為什么你要離職? 一我再也不能忍受了。 我總是被要求加班。第一空因為有副詞away,故第一空填一般現在時am。第二空根據句意為被動語態,故選B。

20. B. [解析]本題考查現在分詞的用法。句意: 你刷牙時不要讓水一直流著。leave .. sth. doing意為“...處于某種狀態”。此處現在分詞表示伴隨,故選B.

21. B. [解析]本題考查介詞的用法。句意:男孩有一張英俊的臉,除了他額頭上的傷疤。except 表示“從所提到的人或事物中除去,從整體中除去一部分,表遞減(前后同類)”;  except for表示“美中不足有瑕疵(前后不同類)”; except that表示“除....外”,后面跟句子; besides 表示“除...之外,還...整體中加入一部分,表遞加”。故選B。

22. B. [解析]本題考查情景交際。句意:----你接下來想做什么?籃球比賽前我們有半個小時的時間。一由你決定,無論你做什么我都同意。It just depends. 意為“視情況而定?!? It’s up to you. 意為“由你決定?!? All right.意為“一切都好?!? Glad to hear that.意為“聽到這很開心?!?。根據句意選B。

23. C. [解析]本題考查賓語從句的用法。句意:一露西, 我聽說新的電視塔非常棒,你能告訴我怎么去那里嗎?

-----當然可以! 坐8路公交去。不遠。分析句子可知,這是賓語從句,賓語從句應為陳述語序,故排除B和D:根據句意選C。

24. B. [解析]本題考查動詞辨析。句意:米歇爾找到了一份高中教師的工作,這份工作需要花費大量時間在學生身上。enjoy 意為”享受”; involve 意為“需要,涉及”; practice 意為”練習,實踐”; suggest 意為“建議,表明”,這四個動詞后面都可加doing形式。根據句意知選B。

25. A. [解析]本題考查定語從句。句意:這本書是從生活受到地震影響的人的生活的視角所講述的地震的故事。that 指人或物,引導定語從句,在句子作主語和賓語,作賓語時可省略;  whose 指人,引導定語從句,在句中作定語;  who指人,引導定語從句,在句中作主語;  which 指物,引導定語從句,在句中作主語或賓語。分析句子可知,先行詞為those,定語從句主語為lives,與先行詞構成所屬關系,所以用whose引導,意為. ..的生活”。故選A。

26. C. [解析]本題考查虛擬語氣。句意:-----你認為喬治通過駕駛考試了沒?一 沒有。 如果通過的話,他昨天就會開車來學校了。由句子中的yesterday知對一般過去時虛擬,填空處為主句,對主句虛擬為“would/ should could might + have done”句型, 故選C。

27. B. [解析]本題考查特殊句型的倒裝。句意:直到他度過了真正的艱難時期,他才意識到愛對我們的家庭很重要。Not until 置于句首主句半倒裝,故排除C和D。由從句的went through 的時態可知,應選B。

28. C. [解析]考查時態。句意:當我沿著街道散步的時候,我偶然遇到了多年未見的戴維。根據“I came across David" 可知偶遇戴維是在過去,“沒有見"發生在過去的過去,故選C。

29. C. [解析]本題考查引導詞的用法。unless 引導條件狀語從句,表示“除非”; until 引導時間狀語從句,表示“直到...為止”; as引導時間狀語從句,表示“隨著...., ...時”; while 引導時間狀語從句,表示.....時”。句意:隨著人口平均年齡的增長,越來越多的老人需要照顧。故選C。

30. B. [解析]本題考查固定搭配。句意:今天真熱。你想去游泳嗎? feel like doing sth. 意為“想去做某事”,故排除A和C,因為句子為一般現在時,故排除D,故選B。

31. D. [解析]本題考查介詞的用法。句意:帶有藍色眼鏡的蘇格蘭女孩獲得了第五屆漢語口語大賽的一等獎。by表示“通過;依據;被;經由;在附近”。of表示“關于....屬于; ...的”。in表示“...里面; 多....之內; 用”。with表示“和...一起;隨著;攜帶"。根據句意知:這里表示本身帶有,故選D。

32. A. [解析]本題考查詞匯辨析。句意:小男孩正追著他哥哥跑,這時候小男孩失去了平衡,摔了一大跤。balance意為“平衡”; chance意為“機會"; memory 意為“記憶”: place 意為“地方", 根據句意選A。

33. C. [解析]本題考查形式賓語。句意:蘇珊向我表明她希望能過上新的生活。分析句子,這是賓從句,make的賓治是that 引導的賓語從句,在本句中用it作形式賓語代指that引導的賓語從句。故選C。

34. D. [解析]本題考查形式賓語 句意:眼科醫生建議小孩子在6 個月大的時候應該接受第一次視力檢查。suggest 表示“建議"后接賓語從句時,從句中的謂語動詞應用should +動詞原形,其中should可省略但要注意如果suggest意為“暗示。表明”時不用虛擬語氣。故選D.

35. B. [解析]本題考查時態。當我回家時我感到很累,我就直接上床了。根據句中的“and" 可知,填空處和主句felt時態應一致,故選B。

36. B. [解析]本題考查名詞及語境的理解。park意為“公園”,hotel意為”賓館",restaurant意為“飯店”,hospital 意為”醫院"。根據上句Last autumn, my 80-year-old grandmother was having problems with her heart. 可知:我80歲的奶奶患有心臟病。由此可以推斷出:我的家人把她送到醫院,表示”醫院",應用hospital, 故選B

37. D. [解析]本題考查形容詞及語境的理解。wonderful 意為“極好的”,serious 意為“嚴重的”, difficult意為“困難的”,proper 意為“合適的,正確的”。根據后面you should have an operation 你應該手術,由此可以推斷出:奶奶的心臟病很嚴重。故選B。

38. B. [解析]本題考查動詞及語境的理解。advised 意為“建議”,warned意為“警告”,promised意為“承諾”,encouraged 意為“ 鼓勵”,根據上文But the complications (并發癥) can happen.可知:手術可能會發生并發癥。由此可以推斷出這里指“醫生警告我的祖母”,看著她擔心的臉。表示“警告”應用warned。故選B。

39. C. [解析]本題考查介詞及語境的理解,before 意為“ .....之前.”,till 意為“直到”,during 意為“在....期間”,against 意為“反對”, 根據The doctor went on to say that she would have a 40 percent possibility of having a heart trouble .. the operation.可知:醫生繼續說,在手術過程中,她有40%的心臟病可能性。表示“在....期間”應用during,故選C。

40. D. [解析]本題考查動名詞及語境的理解。fighting 意為“打架”, hurting 意為“受傷”,returning意為“返回”,dying意為“死亡”。根據The doctor went on to say that she would have a 40 percent possibility of

having a heart trouble during the operation, a 35 percent possibility of being unable to stand up,and even 20 percent

of .... on the operating table because of her old age.可知:醫生繼續說,手術過程中可能有40%的可能會讓心臟病發作,有35%的可能性無法站立,甚至有20%的人因為年老而死于手術臺。故選D。

41. D. [解析]本題考查名詞及語境的理解。actions意為“行動”,changes 意為“變化”,possibilities意為“可能性”,conditions 意為“條件,狀況”。根據上文The doctor went on to say that she would have a 40 percent possibility of having a heart trouble during the operation, a 35 percent possibility of being unable to stand up, and even 20 percent of .... on the operating table because of her old age.可知:這位醫生提到手術結果的可能性。結合下文there is a 100 percent possibility that you won't operate on me!可知這里指“ 我的祖母非常驚訝,很快就說:‘醫生,因為你正在考慮這些可能性,所以我有一個給你的機會:有100%的可能性,你不會給我動手術!’故選C。

42. A. [解析]本題考查介詞及語境的理解,表示“說完這些話”,應用with these words,故選A。

43. A. [解析]本題考查動詞及語境的理解。left 意為“離開”,researched 意為“研究”,passed 意為“通過”,visited 意為“ 參觀”,根據With these words, my grandmother got up and ... the doctor's office.可知: 說了這些話,我的祖母起身離開了醫生的辦公室。故選A

44. B. [解析]本題考查代詞及語境的理解。other 意為“ 別的,其他的”; the other意為“另外”,通常用one .. the other; another 意為“另外的”,表示不同的一個。 根據The next day,my grandmother went to ..doctor's ofice.可知:第二天,我的祖母去了另一個醫生的辦公室。表示“三個或三個以上的另一個”應用another,故選B.

45. A. [解析]本題考查名詞及語境的理解。operation意為“手術”,experience意為“經歷,經驗”,offer意為“提議”,examination 意為“ 測試”。根據There she was also told she needed an..可知:她還被告知她需要手術,故選A。

46.C. [解析]本題考查名詞及語境的理解。weight 意為“重量”,height 意為“身高”,length 意為“長度” ,age意為“年齡”。根據上文提到my 80 year old grandmother was having problems with her heart以及even 20 percent of dying on the operating table because of her old age. 可以推斷出這里指“醫生還說,她的年齡可能會導致些問題, 但他對手術的成功很有把握。",故選C。

47. D. [解析]本題考查連詞及語境的理解。when 意為....時候”, if意為“如果”,but 意為“但是” ,because意為“因為”。根據The doctor also said that her age might cause some problems, .. he was quite sure about the success of operation.前后兩句表示轉折關系,這里指“她的年齡可能會導致一些問題, 但他小于術的反現征有兒屋”,故選D。

48.B [解析]本題考查動詞及語境的理解。 imagine意為“想象” ,recommend意為“推薦”,mind意為“介意”, need意為 “需要”。根據My grandmother might be brave, but she is not sill. She then ask the doctor,"if I am your mother, what will you ....?”可知這里指:我的祖母可能很勇敢,但她并不傻,然后她問醫生:“如果我是你的母親,你會推薦什么?”故選B。

49. C. [解析]本題查介詞及語境的理解。above意為“在上面”,over意為“在上方”,around意為“在周圍,環繞”。根據The doctor walked up to her, smiled, put his arms.... her, and said,“Mom, let's have the operation!"可知這里指:醫生走到她面前,微笑著,摟著她,說:“媽媽,讓我們做手術吧!”故選C。

50. D. [解析]考查形容詞及語境的理解。disabled意為“殘疾的”,sad意為“難過的”,dead意為“死的”,fine 意為”好的”。根據My grandmother had the operation and came out....!可知這里指:我的祖母進行了手術,結果很好!故選D。

51. A. [解析]推理判斷題。根據“Mr. White works in an office. One day, when he had lunch, a friend came to visit him. They were very happy and talked a lot. Then they looked at the clock on the wall.",可知,這件事情發生在White先生吃完午飯之后,去上班的路上,所以可以推測是下午。故選A。

52. C. [解析]細節理解題。根據“It was time to go to office. He had to say goodbye to his friend and left. It was raining hard and the streets were wet. He drove too fast to see the red lights.",可推測他車開得這么快,是怕遲到??芍_答案是C。

53. A.[解析]細節理解題。根據“And he couldn't stop his car and hit a car in front of his.",可知White先生開車太快沒有看到紅燈,他沒有把車停下來,所以撞到了他前面的車上。故選A。

54. D. [解析]細節理解題。根據短文的最后幾段可知,White 先生給了那個司機一瓶酒,想讓他喝

醉,這樣警察來的時候,就會以為是那個司機醉酒駕車,是他的責任了;所以這里應是White 先生想把撞

車的責任轉到那個司機身上。故選D.

55. D. [解析]推理判斷題。根據短文的最后幾段可知,White 先生給了那個司機一瓶酒,讓他喝醉,這樣警察來的時候就會以為這次事故是那個司機的責任了;所以White先生是愚弄了那個司機。故選D。

56. B. [解析]細節理解題。根據第二段Like other kinds of grass, a bamboo plant may be cut very low to the ground, but it will grow back very quickly. 像其他種類的草樣,竹子可以割到離地面很低,但很快就會長出來,故選B。

57. A. [解析]細節理解題。根據第二段Bamboo grows almost everywhere in the world except Europe. 除了歐洲,竹子幾乎在世界各地生長,故選A。

58. C.[解析]細節理解題。根據最后一 段In Africa, poor farmers are taught how to find water using bamboo. These African countries need cheap way to find water because they have no money,可知非洲人用竹子主要是因為竹子便宜,而他們又沒有錢,故選C。

59. C. [解析]細節理解題。根據最后出段Bamboo pipes (管子) help poor farmers bring water to their thirsty fields without spending a lot of money.竹管子幫助貧窮的農民把水送到他們干渴的田地。而不花很多錢??芍xC。

50. D. [解析]細節理解題。根據第五段Many Asian countries have used bamboo for hundreds of years. 許多亞洲國家使用竹子已有數百年的歷史,可知選D。

 

第二部分[文科類職業模塊]

 

61. C, [解析]本題考查情景交際。Go ahead意為“去吧;干吧”; Cheers 意為“干杯”; Congratulations意為“祝賀你”; Come on意為“加油”。分析題干意思,第一說話人說:“我得到了我想要的在公共圖書館的工作”,第二說話人表示祝賀,應該用“ 祝賀你(Congratulations) ”。其他三項均不符合題意。故正確答案為C。

62. B, [解析]本題考查情景交際。句意:-----為什么不待得更久一點呢?-------我想,但是我真的不得不走。A項,Never mind,“別介意”; B項,I'd love to.“我想要.... C項,“很高興見到你”; D項、I can't find any reason.“ 我找不到任何理由”。根據句意只有B項符合。

63. D. [解析]本題考查情景交際。A項,I is my pleasure, “我很高興,樂意效勞”,用于答應對方的請求; B項,Never mind.“沒關系”; C項,Leave it alone.“不要管它": D項,Good for you,“真好”;句意:------我很快將去西班牙度假。-------真好。根據句意放選D。

64. A. [解析]本題考查情景交際。A項意為“我能為你做點什么?”; B項意為“正如我所料”; C項意為“情況怎么樣呢?”; D項意為“給你”。根據題干句意:“酶,我能請你幫個忙嗎?”“當然可以”,可

用只有A符合語境。所以答案為A。

65. D. [解析]本題考查情景交際。A項,Yes, with great pleasure意為“介意,是我的榮幸”:B項,No, I am afraid I can’t make it. 意為“不介意,我恐怕不能做”;  C項,Yes. It is worth the time.意為“介意,這值得花費時間”: D項,No, as long as it doesn't take long.“不介意,只要不用太多時間”。結合語境,提問者說:“你介意回答一些關于購物習慣的問題嗎?”,回答中只有D項不自相矛盾。故正確答案為D。

66. B. [解析]細節理解題。閱讀短文可知,作者是以鼓勵性的態度來描述這12個孩子的行為的,選B。

67. C. [解析]細節理解題。根據第4段的“Compared to traveling, such social practice connects us and makes us learn how tough our parents are,"故正確答案是C。

68. A. [解析]細節理解題。根據第5段的To lower the cost, they learned to bargain (講價) with the sellers.可知答案為A。

69. C. [解析]細節理解題。根據第4段的Dalin, a senior high graduate, and her 12-year-old brother Xiaolin came up with the idea. 可知答案C

70. D. [解析]主旨大意題。本文介紹了12個兄弟暑假賣蔬菜體驗生活的故事,故選D。

 

第三部分( 工科類職業模塊)

 

71. D. [解析]本題考查單位名稱。句意:下列哪個不是重量單位? 選項A意為“噸”;選項B意為“毫克”;選項C意為“克”;選項D意為“厘米”。故選D。

72. C. [解析]本題考查溫度的表達。Fifteen degrees centigrade below zero意為“零下15C”,故選C。

73. C. [解析]本題考查電工知識。句意:電工防護面罩由什么制成?選項A意為“橡膠”;選項B意為“塑料”;選項C意為“金屬”;選項D為“棉花”。根據常識電工防護面罩由金屬制成。

74. A. [解析]本題考查分數和主謂一致。句意:------你覺得這里的環境怎么樣?一太棒了! 五分之二的土地都被花草樹木覆蓋了。分數的構成形式為:分子用基數詞,分母用序數詞。當分子大于“1”時,分母用復數形式?!胺謹?of+名詞/代詞”作主語時,謂語動詞的單復數取決于名詞或代詞的單復數,land是不可數名詞,謂語動詞用單數,故答案為A。

75. D. [解析]本題考查數學運算。句意: 27的立方根乘以5等于多少?運算可得15,故選D。

76. C. [解析]細節理解題。根據One day, a teacher was giving a speech to his students. He held up a glass of water and asked the class以及下文描述,可知這里老師通過給學生舉端一杯水時不累,但時間久了會承受不了,來說明有時我們不得不放下負擔,這樣我們可以恢復過來,并能夠繼續前行。所以是個好例子,故選C。

77. B. [解析]詞義猜測題。根據文章第三段介紹If we carry our burdens all the time, sooner or later, we will not be able to carry on, the burden becoming increasingly heavier.可知我們遲早會承受不住,一般說承受不住的應該是“負擔”,這里作者把水比成了負擔。所以可以推測這里單詞burden的意思應該是負擔,故選B。

78. A. [解析]細節理解題。根據文章第五段We have to put down the burden sometimes, so that we can be refreshed (使恢復) and are able to carry on.“我們有時必須要將負擔放下來,以至于我們可以恢復能力,并能夠繼續前行?!笨芍?,有時將負擔放下來可以使我們放松、有生氣;故選A

79. B. [解析]主旨大意題。根據Whatever burdens you are having now on your shoulders, let it down for a moment if you can.可知,本文主要是告訴我們如何減負及放松,所以本題選B。

80. C. [解析]推理判斷題。根據the longer I hold it, the heavier it becomes. 可知是杯子變得越來越重,故A錯誤;由The students' answers ranged from 20 8 to 500g可知學生不知道杯子的重量,故B錯誤;老師通過端一杯水的例子,時間越長會感覺越重來說明人生要放下負擔,才會放松,故選C。


九、書面表達(15分)

Dear Mr. Smith,

I'm Li Hua, a student from XinHua Vocational School, I'm writing to this letter to thank you for returning my schoolbag.

Last Sunday afternoon, after I played basketball with my friends on the playground, I left my schoolbag there because of my carelessness, I was worried because there were my textbook, my student's ID card, my wallet and some

other things in it, which are very important to me, Just as I was feeling sad and disappointed, I was noticed that my

schoolbag was at the school's Lost and Found. Thank you very much for picking up my schoolbag and handing it in.

It's very kind of you! You did set a good example to us.

 

 

 

 

                                                             Yours,

                                                             Li Hua